May 30, 2014

Rajasthan Board 12th Arts Result 2014 announced check online

Rajasthan Board 12th Arts Result 2014 announced check online

Board of Secondary Education Rajasthan  was establised in Jaipur on 4th Dec, 1957 as per the Rajasthan Secondary Education. Then, RBSE was shifted to Ajmer in 1961.
BSER / RBSE is responsible  for providing education to the students, prescribing syllabus and looking after the whole on goings processes as regards to examination for Rajasthan state.
About 6000 schools got affiliated with BSER that are placed in 32 districts. In 2014, the RBSE exams were held from 6th March 2014 till 28th March 2014.

Syndicate Bank Recruitment 2014-15-Bank Recruitment 2014

About Syndicate Bank 

Syndicate Bank was established in 1925 in Udupi, the abode of Lord Krishna in coastal Karnataka with a capital of Rs.8000/- by three visionaries – Sri Upendra Ananth Pai, a businessman, Sri Vaman Kudva, an engineer and Dr.T M A Pai, a physician – who shared a strong commitment to social welfare. Their objective was primarily to extend financial assistance to the local weavers who were crippled by a crisis in the handloom industry through mobilising small savings from the community. The bank collected as low as 2 annas daily at the doorsteps of the depositors through its Agents under its Pigmy Deposit Scheme started in 1928. This scheme is the Bank’s brand equity today and the Bank collects around Rs. 2 crore per day under the scheme.
Syndicate PO Recruitment 2014-The progress of Syndicate Bank has been synonymous with the phase of progressive banking in India. Spanning over 80 years of pioneering expertise, the Bank has created for itself a solid customer base comprising customers of two or three generations. Being firmly rooted in rural India and understanding the grassroots realities, the Bank’s perception had vision of future India. It has been propagating innovations in Banking and also has been receptive to new ideas, without however getting uprooted from its distinctive socio-economic and cultural ethos. Its philosophy of growth by mutual sustenance of both the Bank and the people has paid rich dividends. The Bank has been operating as a catalyst of development across the country with particular reference to the common man at the individual level and in rural/semi urban centers at the area level.
Syndicate Bank Recruitment 2014- Every year bank invites application for Syndicate PO Recruitment, Syndicate Clerk Recruitment. Right now Syndicate Bank Human Resource department will planning to Fill vacant post of bank PO and bank Clerk. Syndicate Bank will be announced the Recruitment 2014 for Syndicate PO Recruitment, Syndicate Clerk Recruitment. Candidate who wants to join banking sector they can regular visit our site we will update as soon as possible after releasing official notification by Syndicate Bank.
Syndicate PO Recruitment 2014
Syndicate Clerk Recruitment 2014
Syndicate PO Syllabus 2014
Syndicate Clerk Syllabus 2014
For more detail Visit official Website at -

May 13, 2014

Supreme Court Personal Assistant posts May-2014

Department : 

Tilak Marg, New Delhi-110001 (India)

Posts :

Applications in the prescribed form are invited from Indian Citizens who fulfill the following essential qualifications for preparation of panel for appointment to the posts of Senior Personal Assistant and Personal Assistant :

  • Senior Personal Assistant in the  in the Pay Band of Rs. 9300-34800 with Grade Pay of Rs. 4600/-,  Age : 28 years
  • Senior Personal Assistant in the  in the Pay Band of Rs. 9300-34800 with Grade Pay of Rs. 4200/-,  Age : 27 years

Last Date : 


How to Apply :

The candidates who fulfill the prescribed qualifications and eligibility conditions should submit the application in the prescribed form duly filled in at the New Reception Counter of Supreme Court of India, near Gate “E”, Mathura Road Side on any working Monday to Friday between 10.30 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. and 2.00 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.

Applications can also be sent by Registered A/D Post addressed to Registrar (Admn. I), Supreme Court of India, Tilak Marg, New Delhi-110201 in the envelope provided with the application form so as to reach latest by20/06/2014.

For Details Visit :

May 8, 2014

National Institute of Technology (NIT), Mizoram

Department : 

National Institute of Technology (NIT), Mizoram
Chaltlang Dawrkawn, Aizawl Mizoram - 796012

Posts :

Advertisement for Teaching and Non-Teaching Posts

Teaching and Non-Teaching positions in the prescribed format are invited from Indian Nationals in NIT Mizoram : 

  1. Professor : 05 posts, Pay Scale : Rs. 37400 - 67000 + AGP Rs. 10500/-
  2. Associate Professor : 11 posts, Pay Scale : Rs. 37400 - 67000 + AGP Rs. 9500/-
  3. Assistant Professor : 08 posts, Pay Scale : Rs. 15600 -  39100 + AGP Rs. 6000/ 7000/ 8000/-
  4. Executive Engineer (Civil) : 01 post, Pay Scale : Rs. 15600 - 39100 with GP 6600/-
  5. Junior Engineer (Civil) : 01 post, Pay Scale : Rs. 9300-34800 with GP 4200/-
  6. Accountant :  01 post, Pay Scale : Rs. 9300 - 34800 with GP Rs.4200/-
  7. Technical Assistant (Electrical Engineering) : 01 post, Pay Scale : Rs. 9300 - 34800 with GP 4200/-
  8. Stenographer : 01 post, Pay Scale : Rs.5200-20200 with GP 2400/-
  9. Junior Assistant : 03 posts, Pay Scale : Rs.5200-20200 with GP 2000/-
  10. Technician (Computer Science & Engineering) : 01 post, Pay Scale : Rs. 5200-20200 with GP Rs.2000/-
  11. Laboratory Assistant (Physics) : 01 post, Pay Scale : Rs. 5200 - 20200 with GP 2000/-
  12. Multitasking Staff : 01 post, Pay Scale : Rs.5200 - 20200 with GP 1800/-

Last Date : 


How to Apply :

The applications duly filled in the prescribed format with attested copies of the necessary documents should be sent by Registered/ Speed post  to the Director, National Institute Of Technology-Mizoram, Chaltlang Dawrkawn, Aizawl Mizoram - 796012

Alternatively applicants are required to submit filled in application form through institute e- mail at -

For Details Visit :

May 6, 2014

India and It's Culture - An Introduction

Prologue : 

Have you ever thought of the amazing progress we, as human beings, have made in
various spheres of life, be it language, literature, art and architecture, science or
religion? Have you ever wondered how all this has been possible? This happened
because, we did not have to make a fresh beginning each time, but were able to make use
of and build on the work of past generations. You have never had to bother about having
to make your own script or creating a new language system for yourself. These are already
given to you which you enjoy as a member of society. Then you build on it by making your
contribution or addition which further becomes an asset for the coming generations. This is
a continuous and never-ending process. It is a precious possession unique to human beings
and is known as culture. Culture is a way of life. You, your family has a culture and so does
your region and your country. You may be curious to know about the uniqueness of Indian
culture and find out its distinct characteristic.

Characteristics of Indian culture : 

Indian culture is as many sided as life. It includes intellectual and social aspects of any
human being. It also takes account of the aesthetic instinct as well as the spiritual impulses
of human being. It has also, in effect, an appeal to the subconscious as a force making for
the formation of character.
Look at the map of India and you see India is a vast country with a lot of diversity in her
physical and social environment. We see people around us speaking different languages,
having different religions and practising different rituals. You can also see these diversities
in their food habits and dress patterns. Besides, look at the myriad forms of dance and
music in our country. But within all these diversities there is an underlying unity which acts
as a cementing force. The intermingling of people has been steadily taking place in India
over centuries. A number of people of different racial stock, ethnic backgrounds and
religious beliefs have settled down here. Let us not forget that the composite and dynamic
character of Indian culture is a result of the rich contributions of all these diverse cultural
groups over a long period of time. The distinctive features of Indian culture and its uniqueness
are the precious possession of all Indians. 

Cultural Identity, Religion and Ethnicity : 

Our cultural identities are based on various factors such as religion and region. As a result
each Indian possesses multiple identities. Which of these identities asserts itself at a certain
point of time and prevails over the others, depends on the political, social or economic
context in which the person finds himself/herself. Thus each person may have some things
in common with another, but may be vastly different in some other aspects. For example,
except belief, forms of worship and rituals, there may be little that is common among those
who follow a particular faith from the point of view of the whole country. Even in the forms
of worship and rituals there are sectorian and regional differences

hus culturally, Hindus are not all similar, nor are all the Muslims. Brahmins in Tamil Nadu
are quite different from their counterparts in Kashmir. Similarly, Muslims in Kerala and
Uttar Pradesh are dissimilar in several aspects of their culture. Regional identities are more
real. People of different religions and
may have common regional cultural traits like
language, food, dress, values and also the worldview. In Bengal, both Hindus and Muslims
take pride in being Bengalis. Elsewhere one finds Hindus, Christians and Muslims sharing
several elements of regional culture.
In principle, different religious groups owe their allegiance to different religious doctrines.
For instance the Vedas and Shastras may be sources of inspiration for Hindus, Koran and
Hadees for Muslims, and the Bible for Christians. However, at the level of rituals and life
styles there is a lot of intermingling among followers of different religions.
Ethnic culture is strong among the tribal groups. For example, in the small state of Nagaland,
there are more than a dozen tribes and they differ from each other in their dress, speech
and beliefs. Bastar district of Chhattisgarh has several groups claiming different ethnic

Himachal Pradesh (HP) Public Service Commission (PSC)

Department : Himachal Pradesh (HP) Public Service Commission (PSC)

Nigam Vihar , Shimla-171002 (HP).

Posts :

Online Recruitment Applications (ORA) are invited from the desirous and eligible candidates for recruitment to various posts in various Departments of Himachal Pradesh Government  : 

    1. Ayurvedic Medical Officer (On Contract basis) : 101 posts 
    2. Professor (Community Dentistry) : 01 post
    3. Deputy Advocate General : 01 post
    4. Director, Sainik Welfare : 01 post
    5. Deputy Director, Sainik Welfare (On Contract basis) : 08 posts
    6. Assistant Engineer (Electrical) (On contract basis): 03 posts
    7. Senior Planning Draughtsman (On contract basis): 03 posts
    8. Planning Officer (On contract basis) : 01 post
    9. Lecturer, Computer Engineering, (Polytechnic) (on Contract basis) : 02 posts
    10. Lecturer, Applied Sciences & Humanities (Polytechnic) (Physics) (on Contract basis) : 05 posts
    11. Lecturer, Applied Sciences & Humanities (Polytechnic) (Chemistry) (on Contract basis) : 04 posts
    12. Lecturer, Applied Sciences & Humanities (Polytechnic) (Mathematics) on Contract basis) : 05 posts
    13. Lecturer, Applied Sciences & Humanities (Polytechnic) (English) (on Contract basis) : 05 posts
    14. Veterinary Officer (On Contract basis) : 21 posts

    Last Date : 


    Fees :

    Rs. 400/- (Rs.100/- for candidates belonging to SC, ST and OBC categories of Himachal Pradesh only), through a e-challan by cash in any branch of Punjab National Bank or by using Visa/ Master/Credit/ Debit Card.

    How to Apply :

    Online at HPPSC website

    For Details Visit :

    How to prepare for exams - The right way

    You totally don’t want to think about it right now, but you know finals are just around the corner. That means you can start studying for them and you already have a vast to-do list. Here are some helpful tips on how to prepare for your exams and get good marks and get everything else done.
    1: Start early
    Preparation for exams should begin earlier, not on the day before the test. You can’t prepare for an entire unit of information in one night. Get started at least few week before the exam.
    2: Organize yourself
    Begin by making yourself a organized outline and a daily schedule of topics for review. Cover a small amount of material for each class every day. Every time you complete a topic, give yourself a revision.
    3: Make an Outline
    Once you have decided what you need to study and how much time you need to spend studying, it is time to actually get to study. One of the best ways is to make interpretable outlines. As you read over your study materials like textbook and class notes, write a brief summarized note for each topic. Highlight the areas in your outline that were most difficult to remember. When you get done with all the material, you will have an outline you can review.
    4: Make smartcards / flashcards
    Similar to outlining, making smartcards or flashcards, whatever you call it is a really helpful technique for studying. By jotting down the information from your outline, you are already doing half the way through studying. Once the cards are made, you will have a portable study packet to look refer back.
    5: Get help from someone experienced
    If you are having trouble memorizing or grasping something or a particular concept is just not getting in, get help from seniors before it’s too late. Ask your teacher or friend to go over a glitch you might be having. Or if memorizing some vocabulary words seems like too much of a task to do, ask your family members to arrange a quiz for you with index cards.
    6: Take ample Sleep
    You need at least eight hours of sleep a night to function properly. Tests are designed so to make you think hard. If you are sleep-deprived and haven't got proper rest, you won’t be able to remember or recall any of the information you worked so hard to fit into your brain.
    7:Keep yourself calm
    Do not panic at the exam hall! Even if at first glance the test is overwhelming or seems difficult, remember to breathe deep. If a question seems too difficult, first answer all the questions you know, then return to the ones you left for later. Remind yourself that you are prepared well.
    8: Don’t rush, Do your best
    You have spent at least two weeks studying hard for this exam, so what’s the rush for another few minutes? Work through the exam slowly and peacefully and read all the questions before answering them down. If you are done before the time is over, look over your answers and correct any mistake.

    Department of Agriculture and Cooperative : Recruitment of Computer Programmers

    Department : 

    Department of Agriculture and Cooperative 
    Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India
    Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi-110001, India

    Posts :

    Recruitment of Computer Programmers on Contractual basis 

    Applications are invited from eligible individual for engagement as Computer Programmer on Contractual basis for Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), being implemented by Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India for a period upto 31/03/2015.    

    •  Computer Programmer : On a consolidated remuneration.

    Last Date : 


    Age :

     40 years  as on 30/04/2014

    How to Apply :

    Candidates may send their application toDirector (RKVY), Dept. of  Agriculture
    & Cooperation, Room No. 15O-A, Krishi Bhawan, Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi - 110001
     in the prescribed format within a period of 30 days from the date of publication in newspaper or 30/05/2014

    For Details Visit : 

    Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) / Government of India Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)

    Department : 

    Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) / Government of India
    Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) 
    Trombay, Mumbai - 400085

    Posts :

    Online application are invited for the following  Group-A Gazetted posts in BARC : 

    1. Technical Officer/C (Electrical) : 03 posts
    2. Technical Officer/C (Electronics) : 03 posts
    3. Technical Officer/C (Mechanical) : 02 posts
    4. Technical Officer/C (Physics) : 10 posts
    5. Technical Officer/C (Chemistry) : 09 posts

    Pay Scale : Rs.15600-39100 Grade Pay Rs.5400/-

    Last Date : 

    05/05/2014 to 25/05/2014

    Fees :

    Rs.250/- to be paid in SBI through a payment challan. No Fees for SC/ST/PWD/ Women candidates.

    How to Apply :

    Apply Online ar BARC website.

    For Details Visit :

    What is Union Government ?

    Cabinet Secretariat


    Before the adoption of the portfolio system in the Government of India, all governmental business was disposed of by the Governor-General-in Council, the Council functioning as a joint consultative board. As the amount and complexity of business of the Government increased, the work of the various departments was distributed amongst the members of the Council only the more important cases being dealt with by the Governor-General or the Council collectively.
    This procedure was legalised by the Councils Act of 1861 during the time of Lord Canning, leading to the introduction of the portfolio system and the inception of the Executive Council of the Governor-General. The Secretariat of the Executive Council was headed by the Private Secretary to the Viceroy, but he did not attend the Council meetings. Lord Willingdon first started the practice of having his Private Secretary by his side at these meetings. Later, this practice continued and in November, 1935, the Viceroy's Private Secretary was given the additional designation of Secretary to the Executive Council.
    The constitution of the Interim Government in September 1946 brought a change in the name, though little in functions, of this Office. The Executive Council's Secretariat was then designated as Cabinet Secretariat. It seems, however, at least in retrospect, that Independence brought a sort of change in the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat. It no longer remained concerned with only the passive work of circulating papers to Ministers and Ministries but developed into an organisation for effecting coordination between the Ministries.


    ·         Secretarial assistance to the cabinet and cabinet committees
      • Convening of the meetings of the Cabinet on the orders of the Prime Minister.
      • Preparation and circulation of the agenda.
      • Circulating papers related to the cases on the agenda.
      • Preparing a record of discussions taken.
      • Circulation of the record after obtaining the approval of the Prime Minister.
      • Watching implementation of the decisions taken by the Cabinet.
    ·         Responsible for the administration of the GoI (TransactionRules of business) Rules 1961 and the GoI (Allocation of Business) Rules 1961
    ·         Facilitating smooth transaction of business in Ministries/Departments of the Govt
    ·         Inter-ministerial coordination, ironing out differences amongst ministries/departments and evolving consensus through the instrumentality of the standing/ad hoc Committees of Secretaries
      • Removing difficulties.
      • Removing differences.
      • Overcoming delays.
      • Coordination in administrative action.
      • Coordination of policies.
    ·         There are other important functions which it discharges, viz.
      • Monitoring.
      • Coordination.
      • Promoting new policy initiatives.
    ·         The Cabinet Secretariat ensures that the President, the Vice President and Ministers are kept informed of the major activities of all Ministries/Departments by means of monthly summary of their activities.
    ·         Management of major crisis situations in the country and coordinating activities of various Ministries in such a situation is also one of the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat.
    The Cabinet Secretariat is seen as a useful mechanism by the departments for promoting inter-Ministerial coordination since the Cabinet Secretary is also the head of the civil services. The Secretaries felt it necessary to keep the Cabinet Secretary informed of developments from time to time. The Transaction of Business Rules also requires them to keep the Cabinet Secretary informed of developments from time to time, especially if there are any departures from these rules.


    ·         Three wings
    o   Civil
    o   Military
    o   Intelligence
    ·         Directorate of public grievances
    ·         National Authority Chemical Weapons Convention
    o   NACWC has been established under the Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2000 for implementing the provisions of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, signed on behalf of the Government of India at Paris on the 14th day of January, 1993.
    ·         Performance Management Division
    ·         Disputes Committee

    Cabinet Committees

    ·         To facilitate decision making in specific areas
    ·         Business Rules provide for the constitution of standing committees of the Cabinet to ensure speedy decisions on vital questions of political and economic significance and other matters of importance as also to ensure coordination in well defined fields of administration
    ·         Instruments to organise coordination in clearly defined fields
    ·         Flexibility in membership of these committees enable interested Ministers to exchange views, and arrive at agreed solutions without involving the Cabinet
    ·         There is considerable sharing of work with the result that many matters which could otherwise travel upto the Cabinet for decision making are settled at the level of Cabinet Committees
    ·         The Cabinet may often accept the decision already taken by the Cabinet Committees
    ·         Drawbaks
    o   Some of these committees have not been uniformly or consistently effective
    o   Do not cover all important areas of governmental functioning
    o   They can take up a matter only when it is referred to by the Minister concerned or by the Cabinet
    o   Do not meet regularly
    ·         There are 10 cabinet committees as of now.
    o   Appointments committee
    o   Accommodation committee
    o   Economic Affairs
    o   Parliamentary Affairs
    o   Political Affairs
    o   Prices
    o   Security
    o   WTO matters
    o   Infrastructure
    o   UID
    ·         Functions
    o   Specialized group for deliberation and discussion

    Group of Ministers

    ·         27 GoMs exist
    ·         12 EGoMs exist

    Cabinet Secretary

    ·         Head of the civil services
    ·         Under the direct charge of the PM
    ·         ExExecutive head of cabinet secretariat
    ·         Ex-officio chairman of civil services board
    §  Provide assistance to the Council of Ministers
    §  Act as advisor and conscience keeper of the civil services
    §  Handle senior appointments
    §  Prepare of the agenda of the Cabinet
    §  Attend the meetings of the Cabinet
    §  Ensure that the Cabinet decisions are implemented
    §  Advise the Prime Minister of India
    §  Act as the Chairman of the Committee of Secretaries on Administration
    §  Act as the Chairman of the Chief Secretaries Committee
    §  Provide an element of continuity and stability to administration during crises
    §  Act as a buffer between the politicians and the civil servants and protect the interests of the latter in situation of conflict between the two
    §  Act on his own discretion at times
    • When a minister desires to have a prosecution launched against the publisher or editor of a newspaper in cases of defamation the sanction of the Cabinet Secretary shall be obtained.

    No fixed tenure
    Does not and should not interfere in the working of the departments

    Public Policy


    ·         Are goal oriented
    ·         Are outcome of the government’s collective actions
    ·         It is what the government actually decided or chooses to do
    ·         Is positive in the sense that it depicts the concern of the government and involves its action to a particular problem on which the policy is made
    ·         Distinction between policy and goals; policy and decisions
    Characteristics of public policy making
    ·         Is a very complex process
    ·         Dynamic process
    ·         Comprises of various componenet
    ·         Policy structure makes different contributions
    ·         Decision making
    ·         Lays down major guidelines
    ·         Results in action
    ·         Directed at the future
    ·         Mainly formulated by governmental organs
    ·         Aims at achieving what is in the public interest
    ·         Use of best policy means
    ·         Involvement of various bodies/agencies
    Components of public policy
    ·         PP is purposive and deliberately formulated. It must have a purpose or a goal
    ·         Is well thought out and is not a series of discrete decisions
    ·         PP is what is actually done and not what is intended or desired
    ·         PP also delineates a time frame in which its goals have to be achieved
    ·         Follows a defined course of action: formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation
    Types of public policy
    ·         Substantive: concerned with the general welfare and development of the society
    ·         Regulatory: Concerned with regulation of trade, business, safety measures, public utilities etc
    ·         Distributive: meant for specific segments of the society
    ·         Redistributive
    ·         Capitalisation: financial subsidies given by the Union govt to the state and local govt
    Stages in public policy process
    ·         IGNOU chapter
    o   Policy formulation
    o   Policy interpretation
    o   Policy education
    o   Policy implementation
    o   Policy monitoring
    ·         Howlett and Ramesh
    o   Agenda setting
    o   Policy formulation
    o   Decision making
    o   Implementation

    o   Evaluation

    Kautilya's Arthshastra

    Concerned with the acquisition and protection of means of livelihood.
    Also a means to ensure the well-being of men in general
    Two fold aims
    Palana: administration and protection of the state
    Labha: conquest and acquisition of territory
    Hence it is a science dealing with internal as well as external spheres.

    Concentrated on the practical aspects of administration 

    Origin of the state

    Might is right

    Matsyanyaya: Law of the fish
    Hence they chose Manu as the king
    Gave him taxes in return for protection
    No explicit theory of social contract in the book


    Attaches an element of divinity to the king
    Monarchy seems to have been the accepted norm
    Other forms:  
    Dvairajya: joint rule of the kingdom by the males of the same family
    Vairajya: rule by a foreign ruler

    Disapproves of Vairajya

    Qualities of the ruler

    Should be a native of the territory
    Follow the teachings of the shastra
    Strong and of noble birth etc
    Trained in philosophy, economics and political science (dandaniti)
    Difference between Kautilya’s king and Plato’s philosopher king

    Kautilya doesn’t mean that the king should lead the life of a saint or an ascetic. 

    Duties of the king

    Rakshana/Palana: Protection of the subjects and their property

    Ensure their yogaksema: a broad idea implying welfare, well-being, prosperity and happiness.
    Take active part in war and the administraiton of justiceDharmaniyama: lay down broad lines of policy and codes of regulation<take care of the subjects like a father: paternalistic rule>
    Protection of social order founded on varnas/ preservation of the vedic orderSo protection has three components: from natural calamities, anti-social elements and of varna system